Serbian Cuisine – Learn About Food in Serbia

Serbian Cuisine – History and Facts

 

Serbia is a small country in the central Balkans. However, the significance of this country has been vast throughout the centuries. Serbia has always been on the crossroads of the East and the West, occupied by Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires, thus its heritage consists of elements of both cultures .

Serbian-Cuisine-Food

The same is with Serbian cuisine. Being situated in the Balkans, Serbian cuisine is very similar to the cuisine of the rest of the Balkan countries. Travelers who come to Serbia instantly fall in love with the food. They also like the fact that portions are big and very reasonably priced!

Serbian people love food, all kinds and shapes of it. If you come to Serbia and decide to try some local dish in a local restaurant, you won’t be disappointed – Serbs serve big portions for both themselves and guests. They are very hospitable and it is very likely that you will enjoy your stay and food.

Serbian Cuisine Menu

 

Serbian cuisine is wide known for abundance of meat, variety of cheese, pastries and various vegetable dishes, both fresh and cooked.

Appetizers in restaurants include Meze (smoked meat, sausages, čvarci (pork rinds), pečenica, prosciutto cheese, etc.) and pastry, followed by various kinds of soups (chicken, beef, vegetables).

Generally, Serbs are all about meat, so barbecue is main course in most of the restaurants across the country. It is served with fried potatoes, vegetables and salads. Serbia is also rich in rivers, so fish is another important thing you will find on their menu. Choice of fish is wide and definitely shouldn’t be skipped. There are also both tasty and healthy fish soup. Pickled foods are very popular in Serbia, and more importantly, they are homemade. Serbs also enjoy drinking alcoholic drinks, which go well with their heavy dishes.

Breakfast

Serbs usually wake up early, have a cup of coffee (sometimes tea) and enjoy a heavy and tasty breakfast before starting their working day.

The most common breakfast in Serbia looks like this: Kajgana (scrambled eggs), bread, smoked meat/ sausage or bacon, yogurt (Serbian type of yogurt), kajmak (type of cheese)

When women have time, they often make various kinds of pastries for breakfast – pita (with cheese, potatoes, minced meat, mushrooms, etc.), burek (with cheese or minced meat), and all of that is served with yogurt. The taste of hot, fresh and homemade pita is unforgettable.

Serbian breakfast can also be sweet and a bit lighter. It consists of, for example, bread with butter and jam or honey that goes with a glass of milk, or sweet pastry.

Serbian-Cuisine-Food-Recipe

Lunch

Lunch is normally eaten after work; families come home and gather around the table. Sometimes it seems like no lunch in Serbia goes without meat. Lunch usually starts with soup and finishes with meat and vegetables. But sometimes, they simply have cooked vegetables for lunch, like beans, which is one of the favorite dishes among Serbs, green beans, peas, that go with salad made of pickled or fresh vegetables, depending on the time of the year. But steaks and sausages can also be found in these cooked dishes. If you are invited for more special lunch, the main course will probably be barbecue – variety of meat including pljeskavica, ćevapi, sausages, chicken fillets, etc. It all seems simple and nothing special, but the taste of it is like nothing you’ve tried before. It tastes like real meat.

Snacks

Snacks are not very popular in Serbia. You have so much for lunch that you practically don’t need any snacks. They often include something sweet, fruits, nuts, or some pastry.

Dinner

Dinner in Serbia is the least important meal of the day, sometimes they even skip it. It resembles breakfast, but portions are smaller. Serbs often eat eggs for dinner, sandwiches, or pastry. One of the most famous Serbian (and Balkan) homemade pastries is Proja (cornbread), which is often served for both breakfast and dinner. They also adore pancakes for dinner with homemade jam, walnuts and honey or simply with sugar. Whatever the meal and time of the day is, Serbs know how to enjoy their meals and food.

Desserts

Most of the Serbian desserts are of Turkish or Hungarian origin, but the origin isn’t so important after all, what matters is the taste, and Serbian sweets are as tasty as their other dishes. There is Vasa’s Torte, a cake rich in chocolate and nuts, Slatko (fruits in jelly), which is usually served to guests or in the morning with coffee, Bundevara (pumpkin pie) and other sweet pies, baklava (Turkish pastry with chopped nuts and sweetened syrup), Palačinke (type of pancakes), etc.

Drinks

Alcohol is very popular in the Balkans, and Serbia is no exception. Serbia is famous for its national drink called Slivovitz (Šljivovica – type of plum rakija (brandy). Rakija can be made of various fruits – apricots, grape, pears, etc. and is made after the fruit used. Rakija is equivalent to Western whiskey.

Another popular alcoholic drink is beer. They drink beer everywhere and at any time. They mostly drink beer produced in Serbian breweries, which is cheaper, and doesn’t taste bad.

Serbia has very good grape and various sorts of high-quality wine, but Serbs simply don’t have the habit of drinking wine every day. And maybe it’s because of the price too.

When it comes to non-alcoholic drinks, the most popular drink is kafa (coffee), which is prepared without milk and sugar and has a very strong taste. The quality of fruit in Serbia is very high, so there are many tasty juices to try.

Serbian-food-Cuisine-recipes


Holiday Menus:

 

Christmas

Christmas in Serbia is one of the two most important holidays. It is the time of the year when every Serbian family is gathered and enjoys. As Serbs eat a lot throughout the whole year, you can imagine their holiday menu. Typical
Serbian Christmas table looks like this:
Candle
Wine
Žito (wheat)
Česnica (type of bread with a coin it)
Soup
Meze
Pork roast
and many side dishes, salads, etc.

Easter

Easter is the  most important holiday. It is also considered the happiest holiday. Easter menu is very similar to Christmas menu, only there are died eggs on the table  along with mandatory lamb.

Most popular dishes in Serbia:

 

Sarma (sauerkraut stuffed with minced meat, or even walnuts and rice)
Roštilj (barbeque)
Proja (cornbread)
Various kinds of pies – with gibanica being the speciality
Cooked and baked beans
Pečenje (roasted meat – pork, lamb)
Bečka šnicla (Schnitzel) – meat coated in bread crumbs and fried
Punjena paprika (stuffed peppers)
Burek (baked phyllo with minced meat, cheese or mushrooms)
Ajvar (bread spread made of bell peppers, garlic, chili pepper and eggplant). it can also be served as salad)
Palačinke (crepe -like type of pancakes)

Most used ingredients

Most used ingredients in Serbian dishes are meat, onion, paprika, red pepper, pepper, salt, flour, oil, parsley, celery, milk, bread crumbs, cheese…

Serbs really do enjoy eating meat and fish is somewhat underrated in Serbia, even though it is a country rich in rivers. But if you ask an average Serb to choose between fish and meat, he would probably choose meat. Fish in Serbia is more expensive than meat and they eat it mostly at special occasions.

Everything in Serbia tastes so great, especially fruits and vegetables. It’s because of the climate and fertile land.
Vegetables that are used in everyday cuisine are beans, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, peas, carrot, celery, cabbage
Serbia is famous for its apples too. There are many kinds of apples and other fruits that are exported. But every fruit in Serbia is yummy. So, the first fruit on the list of every Serb are apples, plums, pears, sour cherries, cherries, raspberries, strawberries

Traveling Foodie – What to eat when you travel to Serbia

 

As mentioned above, roštilj (barbecue) shouldn’t be skipped, smoked meat, cheese and all dairy products, pastries (burek, proja, pies) and, of course, sweets.

Serbian-Cuisine-Food-Recipes

Street food

Street food is very popular in Serbia. Streets of Belgrade, capital of Serbia, are rich in bakeries, places to try pljeskavica (and other barbecue), and places that serve international food (Chinese, Thai, Greek and Turkish). Whatever you decide to try in Serbia, you won’t be disappointed, since you will get amazing quality at a price lower than almost anywhere in Europe.

Restaurant food

There are many types of restaurants in Serbia that serve both international and Serbian food, but it’s best to go for a smaller typical Serbian restaurant somewhere in the heart of Old Town of Belgrade, or south of Serbia if you are not limited to Belgrade only. Maybe Zlatibor (mountain resort). There you can get the best of Serbian cuisine.

 

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Are you from Serbia? Maybe you visited there? Please feel free to comment and add your own thoughts on Serbian ethnic food.

 

Milica Konstantinov

Scottish Cuisine Facts and History

Scottish Cuisine: Delicious Simplicity

Scottish cuisine is simple both in its preparation and presentation which is what makes it distinctive and unique. Dishes are hearty and nutrient filled being filled with fish, meat and a lot of vegetables from the land. The main reason that explorers settled in Scotland was because of how efficient living off the land would be.

Scottish-Cuisine-food-recipes

Access to fertile soil, rolling hills and plenty of bodies of water meant that there was a plethora of food sources. Since all ingredients could be sourced locally, the Scottish had an easy time in making items like bread from oats and wild barley that they could gather.

There were also animals such as wild boar, mussels and sheep that they could hunt. Throughout the centuries, Scotland was influenced by the Scandinavians, French and British, but to this day their food remains simple, hearty and delicious.

Scottish Cuisine Facts and History

 

Scotland is a small country that has an abundance of water in the forms of lakes, streams, rivers and the sea which surrounds it. It is believed that the first people to arrive to Scotland were the Picts, around 800 – 1000 BC. With the fertile soil, natural resources and warm climate it was a prime place for hunting, fishing and raising animals like sheep and cattle.

Oats, barley and soft fruits as well as root vegetables like potatoes and carrots were easy to grow here because of the nutrient dense soil. Towards the end of the 8th Century, it is believed that the Vikings arrived to the northern isles of Scotland, bringing with them Scandinavian methods of smoking and salting food. It is believed that the Viking raids of the northern isles is what brought the famous Aberdeen Angus cattle to the lands.

During the late middle ages (16th Century), cultural exchange began to take place and with it the Auld Alliance during the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots. With her reign came French cuisine and the incorporation of French cooking terms like “collop,” “Gigot,” and “Ashet,”. Finally, new foods were introduced during the 20th and 21st centuries when large scale immigration to Scotland from places like Italy, India and Pakistan took place. These too had a dramatic influence on what type of spices and fresh produced were used.

Scottish Cuisine Menu

Breakfast:

• Sausage links,
• Bacon,
• Eggs,
• Potatoes,
• Sautéed Mushrooms,
• Grilled tomatoes,
• Baked beans,
• Buttered toast,
• Cereals
• Bacon and Maple Syrup Pancakes
• Scotch Eggs
• Black pudding (pigs’ blood, fat, oats, barley, spices stuffed into intestine),
• Tattie Scones
• Porridge and kippers (cold smoked herring),
• Tea/Coffee
• Oatcakes,
• Fresh Fruit

Lunch: 

 

• Cullen Skink (smoked haddock, potato and onion soup),
• Fish and Chips,
• Smoked Salmon,
• Kippers,
• Cabbie Claw (Cabelew),
• BLT with parsnip crisps, sweet potato and carrot,
• Oysters,
• Smoked Haddock,
• Stovies,
• Arbroath Smokies
• Rowies (bread usually spread with jam)
• Curry

 

Dinner:

• Haggis,
• Cheese topped fish pie,
• Udon Noodles with Thai spices and smoked tofu,
• Confit pork belly with leak mash and cider
• Neeps (turnip)
• Fillet steak with caramelised onions
• Risotto cake topped with poached eggs,
• Sesame chicken with hot peppers and mango

Snacks:

• Blueberry coconut scones,
• Raspberry meringues with cream
• Deep fried mars bar,
• Fruitcake
• Shortbread cookies
• Scones

Desserts:

• Cranachan (whiskey-soaked oats, raspberries, honey, cream),
• Pudding
• Banana Parfait
• Dundee cake,
• Scottish tablets
• Black bun (dark fruitcake),
• Clootie dumpling (steamed fruitcake),
• Coconut bread with butter pudding and ice cream,
• Vegan chocolate orange and cardamom cake with soya ice cream

Drinks:

• Hot chocolate,
• Whiskey
• Ginger Wine,
• Breakfast Tea,
• Sugarellie,
• Ale,
• Beer,
• Scotch Mist,
• Water

Scottish Recipe Cuisine Food


Holiday Menus

Christmas: 

 

• Soup,
• Roasted turkey,
• Roasted potatoes,
• Roasted parsnips,
• Stuffing,
• Scottish Rolls,
• Sausages,
• Carrots,
• Peas,
• Salmon,
• Chicken,
• Venison,
• Steak pie,
• Roast pork,
• Roast goose,
• Bread sauce,
• Red-wine gravy,
• Cranberry sauce,
• Brussel sprouts,
• Scotch Trifle,
• Cloutie Dumpling,
• Christmas Pudding.

Easter: 

• Cream of carrot and coriander soup,
• Scottish tablet,
• Roasted turkey,
• Roasted potatoes,
• Roasted venison,
• Roasted lamb,
• Cullen Skink,
• Crannachan,
• Tipsy Laird,
• Profiteroles with Chocolate Chip Ice Cream.

Most Popular Dishes

Traditional Scottish dishes that are popular include:
• Haggis: Which is the national dish of Scotland. It is a savory pudding that contains sheep’s pluck (heart, liver and lungs), minced with onion, oatmeal, salt and spices.

• Scottish Oatcakes: Which are flat oat cakes that are quick and easy to make. They work well as a snack or can accompany many dishes with cheese on top.

• Scottish Tablet: This is a sweet Scottish candy that is similar to fudge but much sweeter. It contains sugar, butter, and condensed milk.

• Scottish Arbroath Smokies: These are haddock that is smoked over hardwood. It must be made within five miles of town.

• Scottish Tattie Scones: These are a big part of the Scottish breakfast. They are a potato scone that is made by using leftover mashed potatoes.

• Scottish Cullen Skink: This is a hearty soup that is traditionally made with smoked haddock, potatoes and onions. It is rather thick and is served with bread and made with milk and cream.

Scottish-Food-Recipe-Cuisine

Most Used Ingredients

Meats/Fish: Salmon, beef, lamb, mutton, wild boar, venison, pheasant, grouse, partridge, Pidgeon, hare, rabbit, haddock, trout, mackerel, herring, lobster, crab, prawns, scallops and mussels.
Vegetables: Potatoes, turnips, carrots, cabbage, cauliflower, onions, peas and leaks.
Fruits: Raspberries, strawberries, slaes, tayberries, brambles (blackberries), apples, rhubarb.
Other: Oats, barley, almonds, sugar, maple syrup, flour, cheese, salt, pepper, cloves, cinnamon, wheat.

Travelling Foodies: What to Eat When You Travel to Scotland

For those who are interested in travelling to Scotland, there are some foods that are must haves! You can get them at pretty much any café or restaurant that you visit. First and foremost, you have to try out the national dish which is the haggis. Although it may be a required taste, it is definitely a dish you want to try as the experience will always stick with you. Other then that, you should definitely try out the oatcakes if you want a potato snack and if you want to try something sweet then the Scottish tablet is a must. Overall, you are going to be eating a lot of either hearty soups, potatoes, breads and dishes that use parts of animals that you wouldn’t normally eat, like the liver, heart and lungs.

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Are you from Scotland? Maybe you visited there? Please feel free to comment and add your own thoughts on Scottish ethnic food.

J. MacColla

 

Ukrainian Cuisine Facts and History

Ukraine has always been an agricultural country, so since the early days people have been cultivating crops, growing vegetables and herding pigs, sheep and cattle.

The transitions between different types of agricultural activities were always celebrated with some special events, dishes, and traditional dances. Most of these seasonal festivities later transformed or became a part of Christian holidays, like Easter and Christmas. Ukraine has been influenced by many countries throughout the years, including Russia, Poland, and Austria. All this has affected its culture, architecture and cuisine.

 

Ukrainian-Cuisine-Recipe-Food


Ukrainian Cuisine Menu

So what’s on Ukrainian menu today?

Breakfast

Ukrainian cuisine tends to be a little heavy, but as in most European countries breakfasts in Ukraine are nutritious, yet light. It is common for Ukrainians to eat fried eggs for breakfast, accompanied by fresh bread and a cup of tea or coffee. Pancakes (sweet or non-sweet) are another treat that is both delicious and filling. They can come with different toppings (like honey) and fillings (like cottage cheese). Kasha (porridge) is also among all-time favorites for breakfast.

Lunch

They eat “lunch” around noon and it is usually the biggest meal of the day that consists of some kind of soup and a second meal, often accompanied by dessert. Ukrainian soups are quite delicious. Borsch is one of the most iconic Ukrainian soups and is prepared with a broth made of potatoes, spinach, carrots, beet and meat. Another variation of this soup is the green borsch. It is based on vegetables and sorrel and is always served with chopped onion, boiled eggs and sour cream. Another dinner dish is varenyky. These stuffed dumplings come in different varieties and can be either sweet or non-sweet. Sweet ones can be with cherries, blueberries, cottage cheese, and non-sweet ones can be filled with potatoes and mushrooms, meat, cabbage, liver and even fish.

Dinner

 

Ukrainian dinners are also nutritious and very filling. It is not uncommon for Ukrainians to eat holubtsi for dinner. These are prepared with cabbage leaves that have all kinds of fillings inside. They can be wrapped around meat or rice and mushrooms. Holubtsi are then stewed for a long period of time and are served with sour cream. Deruny are also great for dinner. These are potato pancakes made with grated and fried potato. They can be cooked with mushrooms, meat or both.

Desserts

 

As far as desserts go, Ukrainian cuisine is also quite versatile. Many of them are based on cottage cheese like the delicious syrnyky. These quark fritters are often made with raisins and are served with honey and sour cream. There’s an abundance of yummy cakes in the Ukrainian cuisine. Medovik, a classic honey cake, is one of the traditional cakes that are loved by all generations of people. It’s made with several layers and incorporates the use of honey and sweet cream. Ukrainians also like to cook thin pancakes (mlyncy) that can be wrapped around different fillings, and thick ones (oladki) that can be prepared with apples or bananas and are served with honey and sour cream. Apples with nuts and honey baked in pastry are another treat that is both unique and yummy. It has a natural taste and amazing fragrance.

 

Drinks

 

Ukrainian drinks are versatile and comprise both non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages. Kvas is a drink that is ideal for summer. It’s a sparkly bubbly beverage that’s brewed from dried rye bread, sugar and yeast. Fermented milk called kefir is similar to yoghurt, and pryazhene moloko is baked milk. It’s common for Ukrainians to drink mineral water of local brands and kompot – a semi-sweet drink that is made with brewed dried or fresh berries and fruits. As for alcoholic beverages, Ukrainians like to drink wine and have their own brands as well as imported ones. Mead is made with water, honey and yeast with addition of herbs. Its taste varies depending on what kind of honey was used to create the drink. Homemade wine made with various berries is called nalyvka. Horilka (similar to moonshine) is one of the stronger drinks and is usually preferred by men.

Holiday Menus

 

Ukrainians celebrate Christmas on the 7th of January and feast upon a traditional 12-course dinner. The Christmas Eve is called Sviaty Vechir and all the dishes are prepared without any meat. The dishes vary from family to family, but there are some that must be on the table no matter what. These include: kutya (a special type of porridge prepared with wheat and poppy seeds), uzvar (a drink made with boiled dried fruit), holubtsi (cabbage rolls with different stuffing), borsch (a warm and hearty soup made with veggies), fried or baked fish, nalysnyky (a type of cheese crepes), varenyky (dumplings with non-meat fillings like cabbage or cottage cheese), pickled foods (usually home-made, like pickled mushrooms or herring), and breads (like pompushki or kolach). It’s usually not allowed to drink alcoholic beverages, but not everyone abides to this rule.

Ukrainian-Cuisine-Food-Recipe
Easter is one of the biggest festivities and is celebrated all over the country. One of the main dishes that is prepared on this day is Paska. It’s a special Easter bread that’s common for Ukraine, Poland and a lot of other Slavic countries. All families have their own Paska recipes and most of the people bake Paska themselves. This yeast bread is sweet, and is prepared with eggs, raisins, lemon juice, zest, butter and other ingredients. The top is usually decorated with sprinkles and icing. Ukrainian Poppy Seed Roll (Makovyi Knysh) is another sweet delicacy that can be prepared for Easter. Pancakes, various salads and drinks are prepared on this day.

Most Popular Dishes

 

Apart from the foods we’ve already mentioned, Ukrainians enjoy eating zrazy (stuffed potato pancakes), pirogi (dumplings baked in an oven with different fillings), mashed potatoes accompanied with eggs or meat dishes, and of course the famous Chicken Kiev, which, to be honest, is more popular among foreigners that come to Ukraine than among Ukrainians themselves.

Most Used Ingredients

 

Ukrainian cuisine incorporates a wide range of foods. As the land is very fertile, there are a lot of products that are grown locally. These are all kinds of vegetables like tomatoes, potatoes, onion, garlic; fruits like apples, apricots, melons and watermelons; all kinds of berries, mushrooms, fish as well as nuts and different kinds of greens (spinach, parsley, etc.). Spices are used moderately; black pepper is the most common one.

Traveling Foodie – What to eat when you travel to Ukraine

Street food is abundant in Ukraine and can be found anywhere. There’s a chain of croissants that makes them really well with all kinds of fillings and toppings, both sweet and non-sweet. You can also find foods from all over the world – there’s falafel and humus, fried rolled cheese, hamburgers, cheeseburgers, French fries, pancakes and all kinds of beverages. Some are fancy like a non-alcoholic mojito and smoothies made with berries, others are simple local drinks like kvas. Coffee is available everywhere.

Ukrainian Food Cuisine Recipe
Restaurant food is represented by cuisines from all over the world. In Kiev, the capitol of Ukraine, and other big cities of Ukraine you will find a wide array of restaurants that serve Georgian, Japanese, Mexican, Indian, American and other cuisines. There are places that specialize on burgers and restaurants that are purely vegan or use only organic foods. There are also spots where you can enjoy rare wines, and cafes with amazing coffee-based drinks and desserts.

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Are you from Ukraine? Maybe you visited there? Please feel free to comment and add your own thoughts on Ukraine ethnic food.

Ivanna M.

Polish Cuisine History Facts & Dishes

The Polish cuisine is highly diversified and has many similarities to the other Slavic cuisines like Ukrainian, Slovak or Russian. Polish people love meat, so typical polish dishes are usually pretty hearty and contain a lot of meat.

 

Polish-cuisine-recipe-food
Polish cuisine is divided into several types like Goralska Cuisine, for people living in the Tatry Mountains.
The most famous course from this cuisine is Oscypek, cheese from sheep’s milk which is smoked and has unique, incredibly delicious taste.

Another kind of Polish cuisine is Pomorze Cuisine. This is the type of cuisine which is preferred by people living in the region near the sea. As you could probably guess, it’s filled with fishes, especially herring and salmon.

The last type of cuisine is Śląska Cuisine, which is highly inspired by German and Czech cuisine. Kluski Slaskie are the most typical dish in this type of cuisine and in the same time this is one of the most popular dish in the entire Polish cuisine.

 

Polish Cuisine Facts and History

Since Middle Ages Polish cuisine has been known from the use of agricultural products as well as using lots of salt from Wieliczka salt mine. Almost every course contained a groats and had a high calorific value, also because of drinking tons of beer.

Due the fact, that in the Middle Ages Poland and Turkey were closely related, the price of spices was really low and spicy sauces, such as Jucha Szara i Czerwona, gained a great popularity in our country.
Many people don’t know that one of the most popular alcohol in the world, vodka, comes from Poland. The first records of this word come from 1405. It first became popular among lower classes, but then it spread across the entire nation and it’s a main polish drink to the current day.

Polish Menu

Breakfast

The typical Polish breakfast isn’t that much different from the countries like USA or other European countries. Most of the times the meal is light and swift. Sandwiches with cheese or ham, moist scrambled or hard-boiled eggs, sausages or fresh fruits and vegetables if the season is suitable, that’s how typical Polish breakfast looks like.
Dinner is definitely the most important meal of the day. It’s always hearty and it’s a fuel for the entire day.

Dinner

The dinner is usually eaten around 1 p.m. It mostly consists of two or three courses. First comes a soup, for example traditional Polish soup called Żurek, with eggs, sausage and sometimes mushrooms. Żurek is also a traditional Christmas soup. Another course is usually Kotlet Schabowy, a pork cutlet in a coating served with potatoes (or chips) and salad. This is the main course of the entire day. At the end, it comes a time for a dessert. There are plenty of great cakes in Polish cousine, just to mention Makowiec, Sernik (cake with a fresh cheese and vanilla) or Mazurek.

In Poland, there isn’t something like Launch in America. Our dinner is so hearty that it’s enough for us to be full till evening.

Polish-food-cuisine-recipes

Holiday Menus

Poland has a lot to offer when it comes to Menu on Christmas and Easter. There is a tradition which says that in Christmas Eve dinner you have to eat at least twelve dishes. As you can imagine, this is a great challenge but when you see a variety of dishes on a table it seems much easier. There are plenty of traditional Christmas dishes: Carp Jewish style, it’s a carp served with onion, raisins, almonds and bread. Pierogi are another famous Christmas dish. It’s one of the most recognizable polish dishes abroad. Pierogi are Dumplings stuffed with literally everything you want: cabbage, cheese, mushrooms or fruits like strawberries, cherries, blueberries or plums. The most popular and usually eaten on Christmas version are Pierogi Ruskie: Dumplings filled with fresh cheese and tomatoes. Probably most eaten cake is Makowiec: Poppy seed cake which can vary depending on a region of Poland. All version have one thing in common: Makoviec is absolutely tasty.

On Easter the menu changes completely. The feast is much more modest and contains just a few dishes. Usually, Poles eat eggs in all forms, white sausage, żurek, herrings, cottage cheese and the cakes mentioned above like Mazurek, Makowiec or Sernik.

Most Popular Dishes

Many of them were mentioned before, but I need to add some more. Bigos is an unique dish eaten only in Poland. It’s a stew of sauerkraut and meat, including cabbage and all kinds of sausage. Another popular dish are Potato pancakes. Those are just Egg, onion and spices mixed and fried together, usually dished up with mushrooms or chicken breast. Last but not least, we’ve got Golabki: It’s cooked knob of forcemeat wrapped up in a leaf of a white cabbage, commonly served with tomato or mushroom sauce.

Most Used Ingredients

As you probably already guessed Polish cuisine is far from being vegetarian. Poles love meat and eat it in all shapes and all kinds of dishes. Another widely used ingredient are potatoes. You can find them in almost every dish and they are also sometimes eaten as chips. Fishes are the basis for majority of people too. Salmons, Herrings and Carps are among the most popular ones. Cabbage, tomatoes, mushrooms, we can find as well find all those ingredients in most of polish dishes.

Traveling Foodie – What to eat when you travel to Poland

First of all, I would really recommend you to eat a typical polish dinner with Kotlet Schabowy as a main attraction. I absolutely assure you it’s one of the most delicious things ever created, so if you found yourself in a Polish restaurant you should definitely try it out. For a street food, unfortunately most of street food in Poland is just a fast food similar to all the other fast foods in the world. There are some exceptions though. Kumpir is Polish equivalent of Kebab. It’s a huge fried tomato filled with meat and vegetables. It’s way more original than any other street food you have ever eaten, so give it a try and you probably won’t regret it. My personal preference is Zapiekanka – grilled bread topped with different ingredients, meat, mushrooms and veggies.

Polish-street-food

 

To sum up, Polish cuisine is huge, rich and definitely worth exploring. It has many great, unique dishes and everyone should definitely try them out.

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Are you from Poland? Maybe you visited there? Please feel free to comment and add your own thoughts on Polish ethnic food.

Andrzej Nogieć

British Cuisine Facts and History

British cuisine is both exciting and varied, with an eclectic mix of tradition, innovation and influences from around the world. Each part of the United Kingdom – Scotland, England, Wales and Ireland and all the various regions within these countries, offer a fascinating flavour experience for anyone who loves food.

 

British Food Cuisine

British Cuisine Facts and History

 

In ancient times, it is believed that seafood and plants made up a large part of the daily diet of the British people until livestock was introduced into the country and meat and dairy began to replace fish on the menu. Farming became a necessity to keep up with the demand for food and animal by-products. The Romans and Vikings brought with them new foods such as cabbages and peas as well as new techniques such as smoking foods and winemaking.

In the meantime, Britons discovered the benefits of using herbs and spices during cooking. During the two world wars, the British people had to learn to become frugal with their rations. Food needed to be edible for as long as possible but it also needed to be filling as people never knew when their next meal would be.

Foods such as Yorkshire Pudding, dumplings and a lesser known, savoury suet and bread-based food called Season Pudding were created at a time when meat was scarce, expensive and families needed something else to provide which would feed and nourish on a tight budget. More recently, British cuisine has seen an influx of cultural influences both from migrants and from the increase in popularity in travelling overseas. Alongside these new creations, traditional dishes are still much loved and very much a part of today’s modern society.

 

British Cuisine Menu

Breakfast

If you go to a British food outlet and ask for a traditional English breakfast, you will most likely receive a plate filled with bacon, sausage, fried eggs, fried bread, mushrooms, baked beans and possibly a serving of black pudding (a black sausage which is made from pork, dried pig’s blood and suet). Cereal is a more commonly used, healthier option although toast does make an appearance on many a breakfast table.

Lunch

Sandwiches are probably the most popular lunchtime choice with a huge range of options including a wide variety of breads and fillings. Other options include soup and a (bread) roll or a jacket potato filled with anything from baked beans to chilli con carne.

Dinner & & Desserts

Some examples of traditional dinner options include a roast joint of meat with roasted potatoes, vegetables and gravy; hotpot; Scottish haggis with mashed potatoes; Dublin Coddle; Welsh Rarebit and of course, not forgetting desserts such as apple pie, rhubarb crumble and jam roly poly, all served with homemade custard.

Snacks

Snacks vary from person to person. There is a plethora of packaged options in the shops such as chocolate bars, bags of crisps and nuts, flapjacks and ‘healthy’ bar options. Some people prefer a piece of fruit or some vegetable sticks dipped into hummus.

Drinks

As for drinks, tea and coffee are probably the most popular choices. Traditional tea is made with boiling water, milk and sugar to taste but there are also many other varieties including green tea and herbal options. Milk is a favourite, especially for children, with many schools offering schemes where young children receive a drink of milk and some fruit for their morning snack.

 

British Cuisine Food


Holiday Menus

Christmas & Easter

Christmas dinner often consists of turkey, potatoes (mashed, roast or both) several different vegetables, pigs in blankets (cocktail sausages wrapped in streaky bacon) cranberry sauce and gravy. Some prefer a twist on the traditional with an (up to) six bird roast which consists of, for example, partridge, pheasant, chicken, duck, turkey and goose, all stuffed inside each other. Sweet treats include Christmas cake – a rich fruit cake topped with marzipan and icing; mince pies (sweet mincemeat encased in pastry) and Christmas pudding – a rich fruit pudding which is often soaked in brandy and set fire to before eating.

Some people hide a coin inside it which brings luck to the finder (unless they break a tooth finding it!). Easter food is often similar to Christmas dinner in that a turkey dinner is often on the menu. This is followed by Easter Simnel cake and of course, chocolate eggs.
Most Popular Dishes and Ingredients

Interestingly, the most popular food in the UK is curry. However, traditional foods such as fish and chips; roast dinners; haggis; potato-based dishes, meat and potato pies and the English Breakfast are still offered in many British food establishments.

Most Used Ingredients

Although there has been a growth in the numbers of vegetarian and vegan food establishments available, meat, fish and dairy are still some of the most popular ingredients used in cooking. Chicken, beef, pork and lamb are the staples of British meat-based cuisine. Potatoes and pasta are used regularly as accompaniments. Salads, vegetables and fruits are all available both direct from farmers and in shops and markets. Whilst most are available all year round now in the larger supermarket chains, many shoppers prefer to buy produce in season to improve their carbon footprint. Lettuce, tomatoes, cucumber, celery, beetroot, sweetcorn, peas, broccoli, cauliflower and carrots are all common items in the baskets of British shoppers. Common British fruits include strawberries, apples, plums and rhubarb.

 

9 Must Try British Dishes

 

Traveling Foodie – What to eat when you travel to UK

Restaurant Food:

Most British towns and cities are inundated with greasy spoon cafes, fast food outlets, coffee shops, chain restaurants, fine dining and pubs serving food. There really is something to suit all tastes, but if you are looking to try some traditional British cuisine then roast beef and Yorkshire puddings is a must, as is stew and dumplings, haggis and for the brave, black pudding. If you are going to try fish and chips then you absolutely must visit the coast for the freshest, tastiest offerings. A trip to Wales is not complete without tasting a traditional Welsh breakfast which includes laverbread and cockles, whilst the Irish offer dishes such as Irish stew, Barmbrack (bread with sultanas and raisins) and Colcannon (mashed potato with cabbage).

Street Food:

If you find yourself sightseeing and roaming one of the many beautiful cities and towns within the UK, why not try some of the exciting street food available. Whether that be a hog roast sandwich, a tray of cockles and whelks, a Melton Mowbray pork pie, a deep-fried Mars bar or a hot Cornish pasty, you can guarantee that you will find something tasty, exciting and probably a little bit quirky but most importantly, enjoyable and filling.

Cuisines of Europe – What Do They Eat in Europe?

 

Food around Europe: Guide, Facts & Recipes

Europe, considered to be one of the oldest continents in the world, has a vast array of cuisines, some of them being highly appreciated around the world and regarded as positive examples. The food in Europe can be both simple and sophisticated, depending on where you travel to and what you eat.

Western European Cuisine Ethnic Food

This continent was always a rich one, so an enormous number of ingredients are available here, which led to great dish diversity. It is worth every bite to try European food because it is an experience you will remember.

I  Central European Cuisine

The cuisine of Central Europe is very diverse, each country having its particular food, even if the ingredients may be the same. Central European countries: Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland. The cooking means and used spices may differ, the dish that results being one with an entirely different taste. So even if you end up in a Central European country, do not suppose that what you ate there is the same as what you will find in the neighboring country because it won’t be so. Each country has a different culture and different cuisine, each of them being able to surprise you with new and exciting tastes.

If you travel to Austria, do not hesitate to enjoy the country’s famous Wiener Schnitzel. This traditional dish is served anywhere in the country, consisting of a slice of meat with no bones, thinned with a mallet, covered in a mixture of egg, white flour, and bread crumbles, and fried. Any side dish will be suitable, according to preferences. In Bulgaria, the dishes are also tasty and various. An interesting soup would be the Tarator soup, perfect for warm days. It is made out of yogurt and water, minced cucumber, garlic, dill, sunflower or olive oil, according to choice. In the Czech Republic, you will see a lot of dishes containing meat. So, everything from pork, to beef, poultry, rabbit, and fish is used, being served with dumplings, sauce, vegetables or as stews.

Besides all these, legumes, cereals, vegetables, fruits, mushrooms, and various herbs are a part of the Central European cuisine, these ingredients being prepared in very many ways. These were just a few examples, people being very creative when it came to making food, even when ingredients were scarce. So no matter where you travel in Central Europe, you will always find fascinating recipes. Local cuisines kept some traditional dishes, while others developed due to the import of various ingredients and cuisines of the neighbors.

II Eastern European Cuisine

In Eastern Europe, the existence of crops influenced the cuisine a lot, many recipes being made using wheat, rye, millet, barley, and buckwheat. Rye was used for making black bread, a custom that is kept until today in some regions. Fish is another widely used ingredient, due to the presence of numerous lakes. Bread and meat are an important part of this cuisine, together with berries and pancakes. Soups are a part of a regular meal, being served both cold and hot. Fruits and vegetables are also served, being availably in a wide diversity. Cherries, apricots, apples, figs, cucumbers and eggplants are all found in this cuisine. When it comes to the used herbs and spices, dill, mint, basil and peppers are utilized in many recipes. A common practice of this cuisine is the preservation of food. Smoking, salting, pickling, and even preservation with alcohol is used, for keeping various foods available during the cold season.

Eastern European Cuisine Ethnic Food

Russia’s cuisine is probably the most diverse in the East Europe, due to the fact that Russia is the largest country in the world. It covers many geographical regions, each having its own recipes according to the availability of ingredients. But, due to Russia’s desire for expansion and development, it also imported a lot of food and recipes from abroad, bringing in types of food that did not exist and new cooking techniques. The idea was to integrate all the good stuff the foreigners had in the Russian cuisine. Of course, the refined food assortments were available only for aristocrats, in the beginning, the rural population still relying on local supplies. Pastry cooking, greens, chocolate, wine, liquor and ice cream were all imported with the desire of being integrated into the existing cuisine.

Among the traditional dishes, borshch, a soup made out of beets, and pelmeni, which are dumplings filled with minced meat, are some of the most common. But, besides the cuisine of Russia, in the Eastern European cuisines are included Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Belarus and the Armenian region.

 

III Northern European Cuisine

 

The Northern European cuisine consists in the Baltic, British and Scandinavian cuisines. Each of these cuisines developed according to its geographical positioning and the availability of ingredients. The cuisine of the British Isles is probably the most diverse, due to the number of different immigrants that moved to Britain in search for a better life, bringing a part of their traditional cuisine along. Most dishes in Britain are made with fresh local ingredients, because most Brits are passionate gardeners, growing what they need in their backyard. Also, local farms supply the surrounding area with fresh produces, the dishes being simple and almost always accompanied with a sauce made to match and underline the dish’s flavors. Poultry, lamb, mutton and beef are highly used in the British Isles, together with a wide array of vegetables. Stews, roasts, soups, and pies are some of the most appreciated dishes, served with a pint of beer.

North European Cuisine Ethnic Food
In the Baltic cuisine, pork meat and potatoes are usually the stars of most recipes, although potatoes were brought in the area, not being native to the area, and pork was considered to be a delicacy back in the days. Because the winters are quite cold in the Baltic region, vegetables and salads are available more in the summer season. In winter, smoked fish, meat and pancakes are consumed a lot, together with preserved food. Fish, jams, pumpkin, and other foods are preserved through pickling, smoking or drying. In the Scandinavian cuisine, fish, poultry and pork are the most common types of meat. These are accompanied by potatoes, beets, other vegetables and mushrooms. The recipes in this area are simple, the pure flavors of the ingredients standing out.

IV Southern European Cuisine

The cuisine of Southern Europe is charming, filled with incredible flavors. It is composed out of the Mediterranean cuisine, the cuisine of the Balkans, and the cuisines of the Italian and Iberian peninsulas. Food in these parts of Europe is like nowhere else. Fresh ingredients are mainly preferred, the dishes being surprising when it comes to taste and nutritious as well. Poultry, fish, and seafood are used a lot, together with a variety of cheese, fresh vegetables, olives and olive oil, and herbs.

South European Cuisine Ethnic Food

The Mediterranean cuisine is considered to be one of the healthiest in the world. In small islands in Greece, people are known for having considerable ages and still being in great shape, due to their lifestyle and diet. Olives and olive oil are used a lot in very many recipes, known for its incredible properties towards health. Goat cheese and yogurt, vegetables, fruits and seafood are also consumed a lot. This diet is rather low in meat, legumes and veggies being mostly used. In the cuisine of the Balkans, the recipes involve the use of spices, but not in excess, and water, the resulting sauces being natural and easy to digest. Again, vegetables are highly appreciated, especially roasted peppers. Concerning meat, lamb, and beef are preferred, most dishes being served with homemade bread.

The cuisine of the Italian Peninsula is well regarded throughout the world, putting an accent on the use of potatoes, tomatoes, and bell peppers. Pasta, pizza, risotto are just a few examples of this cuisine that ended up being known and appreciated worldwide. Olive oil and herbs, like cilantro and oregano, are used to give a subtle flavor to the dishes. The cuisine of the Iberian Peninsula, more precisely the cuisine of Spain, will also use olive oil, tomatoes, bell peppers and seafood as a part of their dishes. Beans are also appreciated, and chili is used quite often for a spicier taste, but garlic is also a star of the recipes in this region.

V Western European Cuisine

The cuisine of the Western Europe is probably the most well-known around the world. The most representative is the cuisine of France, which is sophisticated and refined, regarded by most chefs and cooking schools as a goal to be achieved. Also, the cuisine of Germany is a part of West Europe, known for its various recipes using meat. Different types of “wursts”, which means sausages, are prepared all over the country and served in various manners, being the European version of the hot dog in street food stalls. Belgium, another country that composes the Western European cuisine is known not necessarily for its savory dishes, but for the exceptional chocolate it produces. It is said that the most refined chocolate comes from Belgium, being served and prepared in numerous ways. But, a portion of pommes frites, which are French fries, with mussels, is also a must-try.

So the Western Cuisine is quite diverse, each country offering something different. Food is appreciated here with a pint of beer, Belgium, and Germany having famous types of beer. An exception might be France, where wine is more appreciated. In fact, French wines are known worldwide, having spectacular tastes and flavors. In fact, when people meet, it is common to end a dinner with a glass of wine and a serving of various types of cheese and grapes. The serving is placed on a large plate in the middle of the table, allowing everyone to reach the snacks.

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Are you from Europe? Maybe you visited there? Please feel free to comment and add your own thoughts on European ethnic food.

 

Nadia Johanson