North Indian Cuisine & Ethnic Food Facts and History

North Indian cuisine comprised of dishes of the Northern region of Indo-pale including Northern Punjab, Sindh, Jammu & Kashmir, Hamachi Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Northern Gujrat, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan. All these regions clearly indicate the diversity of dishes in this cuisine. Dishes of this cuisine has some of the most sophisticated dishes in the world. Only highly trained chefs in traditional homes and restaurants can make those dishes with perfection.

This cuisine is renowned in the world for its snacks and lots of other regions of India also eat snacks and desserts of this cuisine. Here you will find out about the history, menu, ingredients, and most popular dishes of this cuisine.

 

North Indian Cuisine Facts and History

• The history of this cuisine goes back to the Imperial Times, therefore, some dishes like Sahi Tukry and Nargisi Kofty has a clear touch of Mughal traditions.
• North Indian Cuisine is the richest cuisine in the world with the combination of ten regional cuisines including Awadhi cuisine, Bhojpuri cuisine, Bihari cuisine, Cuisine of Kashmir, Cuisine of Uttar Pradesh, Kumauni cuisine, Mughlai cuisine, Punjabi cuisine, and Rajasthani cuisine.
• Although it is called Indian cuisine but it also contains two regional cuisines of Pakistan.
• North Indian cuisine has even adopted some dishes of West Indian Cuisine like Gulab Jaman and Halwa.
• Some portion of Gujrat also comes in North India, therefore, West and North Indian cuisines has some common dishes.

North Indian Cuisine Menu

Breakfast

• Aloo Dahi Wale
• Aloo Dum
• Kadhai Paneer
• Khoya Matar
• Matar Paneer
• Palak Paneer
• Paneer Bhurji
• Paneer Makhana Curry
• Sarsoon Ka Saag
• Stuffed Tomato
• Vegetable Curry

Lunch

• Aloo Mangodi
• Aloo Palak
• Bhindi Bhaji
• Chane Jaiselmer Ke
• Chilli Paneer
• Ghiye Ke Kofte
• Hara Chana Masala
• Lobhia
• Makhani Arbi Masala
• Malai Kofta
• Marwadi Gatta Kadhi
• Methi Aloo
• Methi Ke Gatte
• Navratan Korma
• Pakori Kadhi
• Paneer Kofta
• Paneer Makhana Curry
• Paneer Makhani
• Papad Sabzi
• Peshawari Chana
• Pindi Chana
• Punjabi Kadhi
• Rajma
• Rajma Rasmisa
• Shahi Gatte
• Sindhi Kadhi
• Stuffed Aloo
• Stuffed Bhindi
• Stuffed Capsicum

Snacks

• Aloo Palak Pakora
• Baby Corn Pakoda
• Chicken Role
• Dahi Bally
• Gol Gappy
• Masala Dosa
• Masala Sweet Corn
• Methi Ke Pakore
• Paneer Tikka
• Pyaz Ke Pakore
• Raita
• Samosa

Dinner

• Aloo Amritsari
• Aloo Bharta
• Aloo Ghobi
• Aloo Ki Sabji
• Aloo Rassewale
• Aloo Took
• Baigan Aloo
• Bhindi Anardana
• Dum Aloo
• Karela Masaledar
• Paneer Korma
• Paneer Pasanda
• Paneer Taash Kabab
• Papad Ka Shaak
• Rajasthani Bhindi
• Sabz Sangar
• Shahi Paneer

Desserts

• Rabri
• Falooda
• Kheer
• Kulfi
• Laddu
• Sohan Papdi
• Revadi
• Peda
• Halwa
• Mohan Thaal
• Makhan Misri
• Phirni
• Ghevar
• Jalebi
• Sheeer Khorma
• Shahi Tukry
• Gulab Jamun

Drinks

• Fresh Fruit Juices
• Milk Shakes of different seasonal fruits like mango, strawberry, and banana
• Lassi (different flavors of Lassi has been developed over the years)
• Limeade
• Tea

Holiday Menus

The holiday dishes in this cuisine depends on the region. In Punjab people love to make Phirni, Kheer, and Sheer Khorma on holidays and special occasions. On regular holidays Pakora and samosa are most popular snacks. Every dish in this cuisine is special but korma and kofta are truly special. Lots of people in these regions serve korma and Chicken Kerhai in their wedding ceremonies and other special occasions.

Most Popular Dishes

Korma

This mouthwatering dish is one of the most delicious dishes in North India. the best thing about this dish is that it can be prepared with or without meat. Vegetarians can make it with French beans, green peas, carrots, and potatoes. They can also add more verities of vegetables to make Navaratan Korma. If you add chicken in it then it will call Chicken Korma. You can also make this dish with beef and mutton which shows the flexibility of this dish and the amazing thing is that every variety of this dish is simply delicious.

Sarson ka Saag

This dish contains Mustard leaves and spinach which make it very good for health especially for growing kids. This dish is extremely popular in rural areas and the taste of this dish is just mind boggling especially when it is eaten with buttered chapatti.

Most Used Ingredients

• Chicken
• Flour
• Makhan
• Paneer
• Potato
• Spices
• Tomato
• Yogurt

Traveling Foodie – What to eat when you travel to North India

It will not be easy for travelers to select the best dish because there are literally dozens of snacks available on the streets of Punjab and Gujrat. Here is the list of some dishes and snacks that you must try in the street and restaurants of Northern India.

Street Food

• Dahi Bally
• Kachori
• Pani puri
• Dal Pakwan
• Chaap Chola
• Samosa
• Pakora

Restaurant Food

• Korma
• Dum Aloo
• Shahi Paneer
• Masala Dosa
• Paneer Kofta
• Paneer Makhana Curry
• Chilli Paneer
• Ghiye Ke Kofte
• Channa Masala
• Chicken Karhai

All these dishes are enough to showcase the elegance and delight of North Indian cuisine. Lots of chefs are making efforts to further improve the taste of some dishes to attract foreigners and their efforts are further expanding this cuisine.

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Are you from North India? Maybe you visited there? Please feel free to comment and add your own thoughts on North Indian ethnic food.

Pratima Saha

West Indian Cuisine & Ethnic Food Facts and History

West India, like other regions of India, is famous for its cuisine. the unique thing about West Indian cuisine is that it contains diverse dishes with a wide range of ingredients, taste, colors, and aromas. This region of India is one of the most developed regions with lots of industries.

The urbanization of this region has also expanded the range of this cuisine as lots of chefs are experimenting with different dishes to take this cuisine to the new level. Here you will find about interesting facts, popular dishes, major ingredients and lots of other things about West Indian Cuisine.

 

 

West Indian Cuisine Facts and History

• Gujrat is a part of West India and Surat, a city of Gujrat, is world-famous for its food.
• The food southern side of the West India is dominated by rice, seafood and coconut due to the ocean and lots of rivers on that side.
• Maharashtrian cuisine is the part of West Indian cuisine which contains one of the spiciest dishes in the world. Even the name of these dishes brings water in mouth.
• Gujrati dishes in this cuisine contains only vegetables due to which Gujarati cuisine is also referenced as Vegetarian cuisine.
• Alcohol is prohibited in Gujrat, therefore, no drink or dish in this part of West India contains alcohol

West Indian Cuisine Menu

Breakfast

• Lasaniya Batata
• Luchi
• Makai Na Bharta
• Kakdi Nu Raitu
• Khajoor Na Ghugra
• Sev Puri
• Daal Parantha
• Poha Roll

Lunch

• Masala Puri
• Masala Supari
• Aamti
• Asoondi
• Bharwan Baingan
• Chhundo
• Dal Dhokli
• Dhokla
• Gujarati Kadhi
• Gunda
• Khaman
• Khaman Kakdi
• Khandvi
• Khichu
• Kobhi Zunka
• Osaman
• Pav Usal
• Pavta Batata
• Pavta Patties
• Pitachi Mirchi
• Puneri Daal
• Sukavni
• Sukhi Kolmi
• Toor Dal
• Trevti Daal
• Undhiyo
• Valche Virdi
• Vangi Ani Val
• Vangi Batata Bhaaji
• Vermicelli Upma

Snacks

• Aloo Bonda
• Aloo Poha
• Bhel Puri
• Leelva Nu Bhaat
• Pani Puri
• Pao Bhaji
• Puran Poli
• Pohay
• Ragada Patties

Dinner

• Upma
• Usli
• Vagharelo Bhaat
• Bombay Chiwda
• Thepla
• Ringan Nu Oloo
• Sabudana Khichdi
• Tindora Nu Shaak

Desserts

• Shrikand
• Kalakand
• Gajjar ka Halwa
• Gulab Jaman
• Petha
• Raj Bhog
• Jalebi

Drinks

• Darjeeling tea
• Lassi
• Shikvanji (Lemon juice also known as Nimbu Pani)
• Sugarcane Juice
• Cashew Apples
• Jal Jeera

Holiday Menus

Holidays in West India is about traditional dishes and sweets. People usually eat paratha with daal in the morning. Masala Puri is another delight of holiday. This region is full of vegetables therefore you will find lots of vegetable dishes like Wada Pao. Shrikhand is the first choice as a dessert on holidays.

Most Popular Dishes

It is very difficult to pick out three or four most popular West Indian dishes as there are more than dozens of dishes in this cuisine which are popular in the entire South Asian region. We picked most popular dish in each category to help out people of all tastes.

Pohay:It is also called pohe and it is very spicy rice dish. Roasted chilies are used in this dish to add spicy taste. Other ingredients of this dish are cumin seeds, mustard, curry leaves, onions, and of course rice. This dish is also considered as a snack as you can make it in few minutes and it contains no fats.

Pav Bhaji: This is a famous fast food of India. It is just a vegetable curry which contains fired pav bhaji, mushroom, cheese, paneer (a type of cheese), spices, and some dry fruits. The ingredients of this dish clearly indicate that it is high-calorie dish. All these ingredients make the curry very thick and people usually eat it with a bun or bread. You can find this dish from any food street in West India.

Vada Pav: It is the most famous food of West India because it is like a burger but it does not contain any meat, therefore, health conscious people and vegetarians can eat it. The best thing about this dish is that it contains deep fried potato. If you want to eat fast food without gaining weight then this dish is for you. Like any other Indian dish, Vada Pav also contains few spices which make this dish mouthwatering. This dish is also known as Wada Pao so don’t get confused if you find this word on the menu.

However, my favorite one is Tarla Dalal:

Polupar Desserts:

Shrikhand: Any cuisine can’t be completed without a delicious dessert and this dessert of West Indian Cuisine is Shrikhand. This is basically a milk dish but yogurt is used instead of pure milk to get the desired thickness and taste. Yogurt is drained with the help of a cotton cloth and then different flavors like saffron and cardamom are added to improve taste. It is luxurious desserts therefore high-end West Indian restaurants serve this dish.

Most Used Ingredients

• Rice
• Beans (especially daal)
• Vegetables (including all season vegetables)
• Coconut
• Sea food but mostly only fish is used
• Spices

Traveling Foodie – What to eat when you travel to West India

Street Food

• Bhel puri
• Pav bhaji
• Vada Pav
• Chicken tikka rolls
• Kebabs
• Kheema Pav
• Channa bhatura
• Pani puri

Restaurant Food

• Kalakand
• Masala Supari
• Bombay Chiwda
• Gujarati Kadh
• Dal Dhokli
• Bharwan Baingan
• Vagharelo Bhaat

Now you must have realized that diversity of West Indian cuisine. You will find every kind of delicious dishes from spicy to sweet.

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Are you from West India? Maybe you visited there? Please feel free to comment and add your own thoughts on West Indian ethnic food.

Pratima Saha